Behavioral treatment of hyperlipidemia: Techniques, results, and future directions

Timothy P. Carmody, Steven G. Fey, Diane K. Pierce, William E. Connor, Joseph D. Matarazzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The present review examines the role of several target behaviors in the treatment of hyperlipidemia, including diet, exercise, cigarette smoking, Type A pattern, and medication adherence. Modification of the typical American diet (high in cholesterol, fat, and sodium) is emphasized in the treatment of hyperlipidemia since a multitude of laboratory, clinical, and epidemiological studies have shown that diet plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of this condition and an increase in coronary risk. Factors affecting patient compliance such as health beliefs and family support are discussed in terms of their impact on behavior change efforts aimed at reducing plasma lipids through dietary and drug regimens. Intervention studies are reviewed in the behavioral treatment of hyperlipidemia. These programs have focused on diet modification, exercise, and medication adherence to reduce plasma lipids and coronary risk. The role of other target behaviors (i.e., Type A pattern and smoking) is explored not only in determining coronary risk but also in terms of their direct impact on plasma lipids. Further research is necessary to clarify the relationship between these target behaviors and plasma lipid levels and to investigate the effects of innovative family- and group-based intervention procedures in promoting and maintaining habit change related to coronary risk reduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-116
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1982
Externally publishedYes


  • behavioral intervention
  • compliance
  • hyperlipidemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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