Bilateral parathyroid exploration for hyperparathyroidism

Hadley E. Ritter, Mira Milas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In recent years, there has been considerable interest in unilateral parathyroid surgery with the goals of achieving high cure rates of hyperparathyroidism but accomplishing this with perhaps shorter operative times, fewer complications, and better cosmesis than associated with traditional bilateral exploration. Although limited parathyroid exploration has had demonstrated success in selected patients, clear indications still exist for evaluating all 4 parathyroids by bilateral neck exploration. This article describes our technique and the pre- and intraoperative contexts warranting bilateral parathyroid exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-53
Number of pages10
JournalOperative Techniques in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Bilateral parathyroid exploration
  • Cryopreservation
  • Double adenomas
  • Ectopic parathyroids
  • Multigland hyperplasia
  • Parathyroid anatomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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