Breast diseases in males

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


The male breast is normally a rudimentary structure composed of small ducts and fibrous tissue with variable amounts of periductal fat, identical histologically to the breast of prepubertal females [1]. In the absence of estrogenic stimulation, lobules are not seen. The incidences in males of absent breasts or nipples and of supernumerary nipples are identical to the incidences in females [2]. In the absence of enlargement, breast tissue in the male is confined to the area directly behind the areola; therefore, clinical breast examination (CBE) is very easy in males and usually can be performed with just one or two examining fingers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationManagement of Breast Diseases
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages26
ISBN (Print)9783540697428
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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