Cardiac Risk Stratification in Renal Transplantation Using a Form of Artificial Intelligence

Thomas F. Heston, Douglas J. Norman, John M. Barry, William M. Bennett, Richard A. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to determine if an expert network, a form of artificial intelligence, could effectively stratify cardiac risk in candidates for renal transplant. Input into the expert network consisted of clinical risk factors and thallium-201 stress test data. Clinical risk factor screening alone identified 95 of 189 patients as high risk. These 95 patients underwent thallium-201 stress testing, and 53 had either reversible or fixed defects. The other 42 patients were classified as low risk. This algorithm made up the "expert system," and during the 4-year follow-up period had a sensitivity of 82%, specificity of 77%, and accuracy of 78%. An artificial neural network was added to the expert system, creating an expert network. Input into the neural network consisted of both clinical variables and thallium-201 stress test data. There were 5 hidden nodes and the output (end point) was cardiac death. The expert network increased the specificity of the expert system alone from 77% to 90% (p <0.001), the accuracy from 78% to 89% (p <0.005), and maintained the overall sensitivity at 88%. An expert network based on clinical risk factor screening and thallium-201 stress testing had an accuracy of 89% in predicting the 4-year cardiac mortality among 189 renal transplant candidates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-417
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 15 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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