Cardiac surgery for grown-up congenital heart patients: Survey of 307 consecutive operations from 1991 to 1994

Annie Dore, D. Luke Glancy, Susan Stone, Victor D. Menashe, Jane Somerville

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91 Scopus citations


The cardiac surgery performed from 1991 to 1994 in a unit dedicated specifically for grown-up congenital heart (GUCH) patients was reviewed to determine the frequency of various procedures, incidence of first and reoperations, early mortality, and its determinants. The 295 patients, aged 16 to 77 years (31 ± 13), had 307 operations. First operations (n = 128, 42%) were most commonly for closure of atrial septal defect (n = 40), aortic valve replacement (n = 31) or repair of aortic coarctation (n = 14). Reoperations were more frequent (n = 179, 58%) and divided among first corrective repair (n = 49), reoperation after corrective repair (n = 115), and further palliation (n = 15). First corrective surgery was mainly for aortic valve disease (n = 17), Fallot (n = 7), and lesions needing a Fortran procedure (n = 5). Reoperations after corrective repair were needed for aortic valve disease (n = 43), right-sided conduit (n = 30), or recoarctation (n = 11). Early mortality was influenced by presence of central cyanosis (9 of 49, 18% in cyanotic patients; 12 of 258, 5% in acyanotic; p <0.001), increased number of previous operations (0 = 4%, 1 = 7%, 2 = 11%, >2 = 13%; p = 0.003), and increasing age of patients. Cyanotic patients had more serious postoperative complications: pleural and pericardial effusions, severe bleeding, renal insufficiency, and sepsis, and their hospital stay was longer compared with acyanotic patients (20 ± 17 vs 11 ± 8 days; p <0.001). In GUCH patients, reoperations cause the largest demand on cardiac surgical services. Increased survival of patients with complex cardiovascular malformations brings difficult challenges not only to cardiologists but also to cardiovascular surgeons. There is a need to provide continued highly specialized care. Resources, patients, and funding should be concentrated in a few designated centers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-913
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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