Cell transplantation for retinal degeneration: Transition from rodent to nonhuman primate models

Trevor J. McGill, David J. Wilson, Jonathan Stoddard, Lauren M. Renner, Martha Neuringer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


Transplantation of potentially therapeutic cells into the subretinal space is a promising prospective therapy for the treatment of retinal degenerative diseases including age-related macular degeneration (AMD). In rodent models with photoreceptor degeneration, subretinal transplantation of cell suspensions has repeatedly been demonstrated to rescue behaviorally measured vision, maintain electrophysiological responses from the retina and the brain, and slow the degeneration of rod and cone photoreceptors for extended periods. These studies have led to the initiation of a number of FDA-approved clinical trials for application of cell-based therapy for AMD and other retinal degenerative diseases. However, translation from rodent models directly into human clinical trials skips an important intermediary preclinical step that is needed to address critical issues for intraocular cell transplantation. These include determination of the most appropriate and least problematic surgical approach, the application of treatment in an eye with similar size and structure including the presence of a macula, and a thorough understanding of the immunological considerations regarding graft survival and the consequences of grafted cell rejection. This chapter will review these and related issues and will document current efforts to address these concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
ISSN (Print)0065-2598
ISSN (Electronic)2214-8019


  • Cell transplantation
  • Immune rejection
  • Nonhuman primate
  • Retinal pigment epithelial cells
  • Surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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