Challenges in the development of e-quit worRx: An iPad app for smoking cessation counseling and shared decision making in primary care

Charles R. Doarn, Mary Beth Vonder Meulen, Harini Pallerla, Shauna P. Acquavita, Saundra Regan, Nancy Elder, Matthew R. Tubb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, killing more than 450,000 Americans. Primary care physicians (PCPs) have a unique opportunity to discuss smoking cessation evidence in a way that enhances patient-initiated change and quit attempts. Patients today are better equipped with technology such as mobile devices than ever before. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the challenges in developing a tablet-based, evidence-based smoking cessation app to optimize interaction for shared decision making between PCPs and their patients who smoke. Methods: A group of interprofessional experts developed content and a graphical user interface for the decision aid and reviewed these with several focus groups to determine acceptability and usability in a small population. Results: Using a storyboard methodology and subject matter experts, a mobile app, e-Quit worRx, was developed through an iterative process. This iterative process helped finalize the content and ergonomics of the app and provided valuable feedback from both patients and provider teams. Once the app was made available, other technical and programmatic challenges arose. Conclusions: Subject matter experts, although generally amenable to one another's disciplines, are often challenged with effective interactions, including language, scope, clinical understanding, technology awareness, and expectations. The successful development of this app and its evaluation in a clinical setting highlighted those challenges and reinforced the need for effective communications and team building.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere11300
JournalJMIR Formative Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • Decision aid
  • Mobile health
  • Primary care
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Challenges in the development of e-quit worRx: An iPad app for smoking cessation counseling and shared decision making in primary care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this