Characterization of urinary insulin-like growth factor binding proteins

Yukihiro Hasegawa, Pinchas Cohen, Peter Yorgin, Ron G. Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


The insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) are important mitogens that are present in many body fluids, where they are commonly bound with high affinity to IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs). We investigated human urine for the pres-ence of IGFBPs. Western ligand blots of concentrated, dialyzed normal urine disclosed the presence of two major bands with IGF binding activity, one at 40-44 kilodaltons and another at 31 kDa. Deglycosylation with endoglycosidase F, and immunoprecipitation with αHEC1 antibody revealed these proteins to be hIGFBP-3 and hIGFBP-2, respectively. Comparison of IGFBPs in normal serum and urine showed a reversal of the hIGFBP-2/hIGFBP-3 ratio in urine compared to serum, with hIGFBP-2 being the predominant binding protein in normal urine. The 150 kDa form of hIGFBP-3 was absent in normal urine. In patients with renal disease, the urinary IGFBP (U-IGFBP) pattern was altered. Patients with glomerular disease and proteinuria had elevated U-hIGFBP-3, whereas patients with renal failure who displayed increased urinary β-2-microglobulin had a dramatic increase in U-hIGFBP-1, in the face of normal serum IGFBP profiles. In conclusion, we have documented the presence of IGFBPs in the urine of normal and diseased individuals. The presence of IGFBPs in urine may complicate the assessment of IGF measurements in urine. U-IGFBPs may be potential clinical markers in renal diseases. Additional studies are required before the origin of urinary IGFBPs in both normal and pathological conditions will be definitively established.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-835
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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