Cochlear implants (CIs) are implantable auditory prostheses designed to restore access to sound in deaf individuals via direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. While CIs have been successful in restoring speech perception to many deaf patients, outcomes are variable and speech recognition in noise remains a problem. This chapter will review the factors underlying this variability, and discuss significant recent innovations to address these issues including neural health preservation, characterization, and regeneration, and other inner ear prostheses. The emerging role of central auditory plasticity will also be discussed. Together, these advances will point to the likely future directions for advancing the next generation of CIs and other inner ear prostheses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)