Comparison of rates and risk factors for development of anaemia and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent utilization after radical or partial nephrectomy

Jeffrey Woldrich, Reza Mehrazin, Wassim M. Bazzi, Aditya Bagrodia, Ryan P. Kopp, John B. Malcolm, Christopher J. Kane, Anthony L. Patterson, Jim Y. Wan, Ithaar H. Derweesh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Objective To examine the incidence of and risk factors for the development of anaemia and erythropoiesis-stimulation agent (ESA) treatment in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy (RN) and partial nephrectomy (PN) because anaemia is a significant cause of morbidity in chronic kidney disease. Patients and Methods The study comprised a retrospective review of 905 patients (610 RN/295 PN; mean age, 57.5 years; mean follow-up, 6.4 years) who underwent surgery for renal tumours at two institutions from July 1987 to June 2007. Demographics, disease characteristics and pre- and postoperative (i.e. renal function, metabolic parameters, anaemia and ESA treatment) were recorded. Data were analyzed within subgroups based on treatment (RN vs PN). Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the risk factors for developing anaemia after surgery. Results Tumour size (cm) was significantly larger for RN (RN 7.0 vs PN 3.7; P < 0.001). No significant differences were noted with respect to demographics and preoperative anaemia (RN 16.4% vs PN 18.6%; P= 0.454) and ESA-treatment (RN 0.7% vs PN 1.4%; P= 0.499). After surgery, significantly less de novo anaemia (PN 4.1% vs RN 17.5%; P < 0.001) and ESA utilization (PN 2.7% vs RN 13.4%; P < 0.001) occurred in the PN cohort. Multivariate analysis showed that age ≤60 years (odds ratio, OR, 1.62; P= 0.008), African American ethnicity (OR, 2.30; P < 0.001), smoking (OR, 1.60; P= 0.013), glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m 2 (OR, 4.09; P < 0.001), ≤1+ proteinuria (OR, 2.19; P < 0.03), metabolic acidosis (OR, 4.08; P= 0.007) and RN (OR, 2.58; P < 0.001) were significantly associated with de novo anaemia. Conclusions Patients who underwent RN had a significantly higher prevalence of anaemia and ESA-treatment compared to a well-matched cohort that underwent PN. In addition to RN, age ≤60 years, African American ethnicity, history of smoking, GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m 2, proteinuria and metabolic acidosis were associated with developing anaemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1025
Number of pages7
JournalBJU international
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • anaemia
  • erythropoiesis-stimulating agent
  • nephron-sparing surgery
  • partial nephrectomy
  • radical nephrectomy
  • renal cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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