Concentration Camp Survivors

J. D. Kinzie

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The concentration camp syndrome, as first described following the Nazi Holocaust, represented a catastrophic stress and resulted in a common symptom pattern present in most survivors. These symptoms included marked anxiety, restlessness, startle reaction, sleep disturbances, nightmares, poor concentration, and excessive rumination about the traumatic events. The concentration camp syndrome was never recognized as an official American Psychiatric Association diagnosis but its symptoms are the core of what is now called posttraumatic stress disorder. The symptoms have been found in other concentration camp survivors, such as prisoners of war and the more recent Cambodian concentration camp survivors. The response is the result of extreme stress and indicates that such stress can produce a psychiatric disorder that is severe and persistent in many people. © 2007

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Stress
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9780123739476
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • General Psychology


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