Conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy with Jones tube: A history and update

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Purpose of review Current opinions and trends in the management of upper lacrimal obstruction include design variations on the original Lester Jones tube and updated awareness and management of the problems associated with the tubes. This article includes a brief review of the fascinating history of the development of the Jones tube, which sets the perspective for the current scientific dialog. Recent findings First, many design modifications have been proposed to reduce the risk of tube migration and extrusion, with no consensus on the best tube. Second, the issue of retrograde airflow through the Jones tube with the use of continuous positive airway pressure is an increasingly common and challenging problem. Third, bacterial biofilms on the surface of the Jones tube can play a role in recalcitrant infections. Jones tubes can be cleaned or replaced in the office setting with topical anesthesia. Summary Conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy (CDCR) with placement of a Jones tube remains the gold standard for management of upper lacrimal obstruction. This article provides an updated perspective on issues with extrusion or migration of the tube, bothersome retrograde airflow with the use of a continuous positive airway pressure device, and management of crusting and possible infectious biofilms on the tube.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-442
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent opinion in ophthalmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • CDCR
  • Jones tube
  • Lester Jones
  • conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy
  • continuous positive airway pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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