Contraction stress determinants in dimethacrylate composites

F. Gonçalves, C. S. Pfeifer, J. L. Ferracane, R. R. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations


The influence of composite organic content on polymerization stress development remains unclear. It was hypothesized that stress was directly related to differences in degree of conversion, volumetric shrinkage, elastic modulus, and maximum rate of polymerization encountered in composites containing different BisGMA (bisphenylglycidyl dimethacrylate) concentrations and TEGDMA (triethylene glycol dimethacrylate) and/or BisEMA (ethoxylated bisphenol-A dimethacrylate) as co-monomers. Stress was determined in a tensilometer. Volumetric shrinkage was measured with a mercury dilatometer. Elastic modulus was obtained by flexural test. We used fragments of flexural specimens to determine degree of conversion by FT-Raman spectroscopy. Reaction rate was determined by differential scanning calorimetry. Composites with lower BisGMA content and those containing TEGDMA showed higher stress, conversion, shrinkage, and elastic modulus. Polymerization rate did not vary significantly, except for the lower value of the 66% TEGDMA composite. We used linear regressions to evaluate the association between polymerization stress and conversion (R 2 = 0.905), shrinkage (R2 = 0.825), and modulus (R 2 = 0.623).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-371
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of dental research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2008


  • Degree of conversion
  • Elastic modulus
  • Polymerization stress
  • Resin composite
  • Shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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