Cy3-ATP labeling of unfixed, permeabilized mouse hair cells

Itallia V. Pacentine, Peter G. Barr-Gillespie

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ATP-utilizing enzymes play key roles in hair bundles, the mechanically sensitive organelles of sensory hair cells in the inner ear. We used a fluorescent ATP analog, EDA-ATP-Cy3 (Cy3-ATP), to label ATP-binding proteins in two different preparations of unfixed hair-cell stereocilia of the mouse. In the first preparation, we lightly permeabilized dissected cochleas, then labeled them with Cy3-ATP. Hair cells and their stereocilia remained intact, and stereocilia tips in rows 1 and 2 were labeled particularly strongly with Cy3-ATP. In many cases, vanadate (Vi) traps nucleotides at the active site of myosin isoforms and presents nucleotide dissociation. Co-application with Vi enhanced the tip labeling, which is consistent with myosin isoforms being responsible. By contrast, the actin polymerization inhibitors latrunculin A and cytochalasin D had no effect, suggesting that actin turnover at stereocilia tips was not involved. Cy3-ATP labeling was substantially reduced—but did not disappear altogether—in mutant cochleas lacking MYO15A; by contrast, labeling remained robust in cochleas lacking MYO7A. In the second preparation, used to quantify Cy3-ATP labeling, we labeled vestibular stereocilia that had been adsorbed to glass, which demonstrated that tip labeling was higher in longer stereocilia. We found that tip signal was reduced by ~ 50% in Myo15ash2/sh2 stereocilia as compared to Myo15ash2/+stereocilia. These results suggest that MYO15A accounts for a substantial fraction of the Cy3-ATP tip labeling in vestibular hair cells, and so this novel preparation could be utilized to examine the control of MYO15A ATPase activity in situ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number23855
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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