Objective: To investigate a novel transurethral hemostatic catheter device with an integrated chitosan endoluminal hemostatic dressing (CEHD). Development and implementation of this technology may help address bleeding following surgery such as transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). Bleeding remains the most common complication following TURP, leading to increased morbidity and hospitalization. Methods: Investigation of hemostasis, delivery, safety and efficacy of the CEHD device is conducted using Female Yorkshire swine (N = 23). Hemostatic efficacy of the CEHD (N = 12) is investigated against a control of gauze (N = 12) in a splenic injury model (3 swine). The delivery, safety, and efficacy of the CEHD device (N = 10) are investigated against Foley-catheter control (N = 10) for 7 days using a swine bladder-neck-injury model. Results: In the splenic injury study, 9/12 CEHD dressings successfully achieved hemostasis within 150 seconds (mean 83 seconds) vs success of 6/12 (mean 150 seconds) for gauze (P = .04). In the 7-day study, the CEHD was successfully deployed in 10/10 animals and all dressings were tolerated without histologic or clinical adverse effect. Hemostasis of the CEHD device was found to be noninferior to control catheters. Noninferiority is attributed to low bleeding rates in the swine bladder neck injury model. Conclusion: This investigation successfully demonstrated the feasibility of transurethral deployment of the CEHD in vivo. Routine use of safe and slowly dissolvable CEHDs could reduce the rate of complications and hospitalizations associated with bleeding and blood loss in TURP procedures. Further investigation is warranted.
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