Development of a nomogram for femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy for astigmatism after keratoplasty

Ryan M. St. Clair, Anushree Sharma, David Huang, Fei Yu, Yakov Goldich, David Rootman, Sonia Yoo, Florence Cabot, Jason Jun, Lijun Zhang, Anthony J. Aldave

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Purpose To develop a nomogram for femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy (AK) to treat post-keratoplasty astigmatism. Setting Three academic medical centers. Design Retrospective interventional case series. Methods A review of post-keratoplasty femtosecond laser AK was performed. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, manifest refraction, and keratometry were recorded preoperatively and 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. The location, length, depth, and diameter of the AK incisions were recorded, and the surgically induced astigmatic correction was related to these variables using regression analysis. Results One hundred forty femtosecond laser AK procedures were performed after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) (n = 129) or deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) (n =11), with 89 procedures (80 PKP, 9 DALK) included in the analysis. The mean CDVA improved from 20/59 (0.47 logMAR ± 0.38 [SD]) preoperatively to 20/45 (0.35 ± 0.31 logMAR) postoperatively (P =.013) (n = 46). The mean keratometric astigmatism decreased from 8.26 ± 2.90 diopters (D) preoperatively to 3.62 ± 2.59 D postoperatively (P <.0001) (n = 89). The mean refractive cylinder decreased from 6.77 ± 2.80 D preoperatively to 2.85 ± 2.57 D postoperatively (P <.0001) (n = 69). A nomogram for femtosecond laser AK to treat post-keratoplasty astigmatism was generated using regression analysis. Conclusions Femtosecond laser AK significantly improved UDVA and CDVA and significantly reduced keratometric astigmatism and refractive cylinder after keratoplasty. The nomogram generated should improve the accuracy of post-keratoplasty femtosecond laser AK. Financial Disclosure None of the authors has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)556-562
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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