Development of a typology of dual-earner couples caring for children and aging parents

Jennifer C. Cullen, Leslie B. Hammer, Margaret B. Neal, Robert R. Sinclair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Using a national sample of 267 couples, the authors identify distinct profiles of dual-earner couples in the sandwiched generation (i.e., those caring for children and aging parents) using cluster analysis and then assess the relationship between these profiles and workg-family conflict. The profiles are defined by characteristics of couples' child care demands (age and number of children), parent care demands (hours spent as caregiver each week), and work-role demands (hours worked per week). Three distinct profiles of sandwiched couples emerge: a high child care demands group, a high parent care demands group, and a high work demands group. The authors find differences in work-to-family conflict across the three groups but not differences in family-to-work conflict. Implications for work life practitioners and human resource managers are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-483
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Family Issues
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Child care
  • Dual-earner couples
  • Parent care
  • Typology
  • Work-family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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