Digitized Whole Slides for Breast Pathology Interpretation: Current Practices and Perceptions

Tracy Onega, Donald Weaver, Berta Geller, Natalia Oster, Anna N.A. Tosteson, Patricia A. Carney, Heidi Nelson, Kimberly H. Allison, Frances P. O’Malley, Stuart J. Schnitt, Joann G. Elmore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Digital whole slide imaging (WSI) is an emerging technology for pathology interpretation; however, little is known about pathologists’ practice patterns or perceptions regarding WSI. A national sample (N = 252) of pathologists from New Hampshire, Vermont, Washington, Oregon, Arizona, Alaska, Maine, and Minnesota were surveyed in this cross-sectional study (2011–2013). The survey included questions on pathologists’ experience, WSI practice patterns, and perceptions using a six-point Likert scale. Agreement was summarized with descriptive statistics to characterize pathologists’ use and perceptions of WSI. The majority of participating pathologists were males (63 %) between 40 and 59 years of age (70 %) and not affiliated with an academic medical center (72 %). Experience with WSI was reported by 49 %. Types of use reported included CME/board exams/teaching (28 %), tumor board/clinical conference (22 %), archival purposes (6 %), consultative diagnosis (4 %), research (4 %), and other uses (12 %). Most respondents (79 %) agreed that accurate diagnoses can be made with this technology, and that WSI is useful for obtaining a second opinion (88 %). However, 78 % of pathologists agreed that digital slides are too slow for routine clinical interpretation. Fifty-nine percent agreed that the benefits of WSI outweigh concerns. The respondents were equally split as to whether they would like to adopt WSI (51 %) or not (49 %). About half of pathologists reported experience with the WSI technology, largely for CME, licensure/board exams, and teaching. Positive perceptions regarding WSI slightly outweigh negative perceptions. Understanding practice patterns with WSI as dissemination advances may facilitate concordance of perceptions with adoption of the technology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-648
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Digital Imaging
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2014


  • Digital whole slide imaging
  • Pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Computer Science Applications


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