Aims: Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors consistently reduce low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) by 50-60% and lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) by 20-30%, but the mechanism of Lp(a) lowering remains unclear. If Lp(a) is cleared by the LDL receptor, similar to LDL-C, then one would expect PCSK9 inhibition to induce a concordant LDL-C/Lp(a) response in an approximately 2:1 ratio. We aim to determine the prevalence of discordant plasma LDL-C/Lp(a) response to the PCSK9 inhibitor alirocumab. Methods: This is a post hoc, pooled analysis of 10 randomized controlled trials from the ODYSSEY Phase 3 clinical trial program for alirocumab. Patients enrolled in the trials were high cardiovascular risk and/or with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. The primary end point was prevalence of discordant LDL-C/Lp(a) response to alirocumab at 24 weeks. Discordant response was defined as LDL-C reduction >35% and Lp(a) reduction ≤10%, or LDL-C reduction ≤35% and Lp(a) reduction >10%. Results: Of the 1709 patients in the pooled study cohort, 62.4% were male, and the mean age was 59.2 (SD: 11.0) years. Baseline mean LDL-C was 126.5 (SD: 46.3) mg/dL and baseline median Lp(a) was 46.9 (interquartile range: 21.8-89.0) mg/dL. Total prevalence of discordant LDL-C/Lp(a) response was 21.5% (12.6% with LDL-C >35% reduction and Lp(a) ≤10% reduction; 8.9% with LDL-C ≤35% reduction and Lp(a) >10% reduction). Baseline Lp(a) and familial hypercholesterolemia status did not affect discordance. Conclusion: A high prevalence of discordant LDL-C/Lp(a) response was observed with alirocumab, further suggesting that PCSK9 inhibitor therapy with alirocumab reduces plasma Lp(a) through alternative pathways to LDL receptor clearance.
- PCSK9 inhibition
- low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine