Angiosarcomas are rare, malignant soft tissue tumors in children that arise in a wide range of anatomical locations and have limited targeted therapies available. Here, we report a rare case of a pediatric angiosarcoma (pAS) with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) expressing a novel NOTCH1-ROS1 gene fusion. Although both NOTCH1 and ROS1 are established proto-oncogenes, our study is the first to describe the mechanistic role of NOTCH1-ROS1 fusion arising via intrachromosomal rearrangement. NOTCH1-ROS1 displayed potent neoplastic transformation propensity in vitro, and harbors tumorigenic potential in vivo, where it induced oncogenic activation of the MAPK, PI3K/mTOR, and JAK-STAT signaling pathways in a murine allograft model. We found an unexpected contribution of the NOTCH1 extracellular region in mediating NOTCH1-ROS1 activation and oncogenic function, highlighting the contribution of both NOTCH1 and ROS1 fusion partners in driving tumorigenicity. Interestingly, neither membrane localization nor fusion protein dimerization were found to be essential for NOTCH1-ROS1 fusion oncogenicity. To target NOTCH1-ROS1-driven tumors, we tested both NOTCH1-directed inhibitors and ROS1-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) in heterologous models (NIH3T3, Ba/F3). Although NOTCH1 inhibitors did not suppress NOTCH1-ROS1-driven oncogenic growth, we found that oral entrectinib treatment effectively suppressed the growth of NOTCH-ROS1-driven tumors. Taken together, we report the first known pAS case with a novel NOTCH1-ROS1 alteration along with a detailed report on the function and therapeutic targeting of NOTCH1-ROS1. Our study highlights the importance of genomic profiling of rare cancers such as pAS to reveal actionable drivers and improve patient outcomes.
- metastatic angiosarcoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas