Effect of l-glutamate on the release of striatal dopamine: in vivo dialysis and electrochemical studies

Bita Moghaddam, Rand J. Gruen, Robert H. Roth, Benjamin S. Bunney, Ralph N. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Microdialysis and in vivo voltammetry combined K+-selective microelectrodes were utilized to study the effect of l-glutamate (GLU) on the in vivo release of dopamine (DA) from the rat striatum. Perfusion of 500 nM-5mM GLU through the microdialysis probe was without an effect on DA outflow whereas 10 mM GLU resulted in a significant (295%) increase in the basal level of DA. This increase was blocked in the presence of 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid, an N-Methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist. Repetitive local applications of 10 mM GLU were also required to observe an increase in extracellular DA measured by in vivo voltammetry. These signals were accompanied with a massive increase in extracellular K+ and a large negative shift in the field potential resembling the ionic changes seen after the phenomenon spreading depression. These studies suggest that high concentrations of GLU are required to enhance the extracellular concentration of DA in vivo. Further, pathophysiological conditions such as spreading depression may be responsible for the observed increase in extracellular DA concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jun 4 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Dopamine
  • Glutamate
  • In vivo voltammetry
  • Microdialysis
  • N-Methyl-d-aspartate receptor
  • Potassium
  • Striatum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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