Effectiveness of high irradiance for short-time exposures on polymerization of composite under metal brackets

André L. Faria-E-Silva, David A. Covell, Jack L. Ferracane, Carmem S. Pfeifer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate the effect of different curing modes available in a dental light-curing unit on degree of conversion (DC) of a composite photoactivated under a metal orthodontic bracket. Materials and Methods: The average irradiance and total energy delivered by three curing modes (standard, high, and extra power) of a multiwave LED unit (Valo Cordless, Ultradent Products, South Jordan, Utah) were measured using the longest time available for each mode (20, 4, and 3 seconds, respectively). Brackets (n =3/group) were bonded to molar epoxy resin replicas using each curing mode. Mesiodistal sections, 0.5 mm thick, were assessed using an infrared spectrometer microscope. Spectra of composite beneath the brackets were sequentially collected using the mapping tool in near-infrared (NIR)-transmittance mode. Composite conversion was mapped between the mesial and distal edges of the bracket base using 400-lm steps for a total of 10 measurements per specimen. Data from irradiance and total energy were analyzed by one-way ANOVA, while data of DC were analyzed with two-way repeated measures ANOVA (α=0.05). Results: The highest DC values were observed for standard power (mean 56%, P <.05), while no difference was observed between high (50%) and extra power (49%) modes. Regarding the site of measurement, higher DC was observed close to the bracket edges (52%, P <.05). Conclusions: The use of high irradiance for a short time slightly reduced the DC. The small magnitude of reduction suggests that use of a high irradiance protocol is a clinically valid approach when bonding metal brackets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-840
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • Orthodontic bracket
  • Polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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