Erectile dysfunction and hypogonadism among men with HIV

Nancy F. Crum-Cianflone, Mary Bavaro, Braden Hale, Christopher Amling, April Truett, Carolyn Brandt, Brandie Pope, Kari Furtek, Sheila Medina, Mark R. Wallace

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92 Scopus citations


Erectile dysfunction (ED) and hypogonadism are increasingly recognized conditions, however, the prevalence and etiologies of these conditions among HIV-infected men remain unclear. We studied 300 HIV-infected men who completed standardized questionnaires regarding sexual function and hypogonadal symptoms. An early morning testosterone test was performed; patients with a low serum testosterone level (defined by <300 ng/dL), underwent additional blood tests to determine the etiology of the hypogonadism. The participants' mean age was 39 years (range, 19-72); 61% were Caucasian; 24%, African American; 9%, Hispanic; and 5% other. Participants had been HIV-positive for a mean of 9 years (range, 0.5-20) with a mean CD4 count of 522 cells/mm3 (range, 1-1531). Sixty percent were receiving antiretroviral therapy. ED was reported by 61.4%; of those with ED, 32% did not have a rigid enough erection for penetration, and 46% were unable to sustain an erection for the completion of intercourse. In the rnultivariate analysis, increasing age (odds ratio [OR] 1.4 for a 5-year increment, p < 0.001) and depression (OR 2.64, p < 0.0001) were associated with ED. A higher current CD4 count was protective (OR 0.80 for each 100 cells/mm3, p = 0.004). Only 25% of patients with ED had utilized a phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitor for treatment. Seventeen percent of the 300 men were hypogonadal; there was no correlation between hypogonadism and ED. Increasing age and a higher body mass index (BMI) were positively associated with hypogonadism, while smoking was negatively associated (OR 0.44, p = 0.02). All patients with low testosterone had secondary hypogonadism. There was no association between ED or hypogonadism with the current, past, or cumulative use of HIV medications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9-19
Number of pages11
JournalAIDS Patient Care and STDs
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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