Ethanol conditioned taste aversion in high drinking in the dark mice

John C. Crabbe, Pamela Metten, Antonia M. Savarese, Angela R. Ozburn, Jason P. Schlumbohm, Stephanie E. Spence, Wyatt R. Hack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Two independent lines of High Drinking in the Dark (HDID-1, HDID-2) mice have been bred to reach high blood alcohol levels after a short period of binge-like ethanol drinking. Male mice of both lines were shown to have reduced sensitivity to develop a taste aversion to a novel flavor conditioned by ethanol injections as compared with their unselected HS/NPT founder stock. We have subsequently developed inbred variants of each line. The current experiments established that reduced ethanol-conditioned taste aversion is also seen in the inbred variants, in both males and females. In other experiments, we asked whether HDID mice would ingest sufficient doses of ethanol to lead to a conditioned taste aversion upon retest. Different manipulations were used to elevate consumption of ethanol on initial exposure. Access to increased ethanol concentrations, to multiple tubes of ethanol, and fluid restriction to increase thirst motivation all enhanced initial drinking of ethanol. Each condition led to reduced intake the next day, consistent with a mild conditioned taste aversion. These experiments support the conclusion that one reason contributing to the willingness of HDID mice to drink to the point of intoxication is a genetic insensitivity to the aversive effects of ethanol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalBrain Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


  • Animal model
  • Availability
  • Aversion
  • Binge drinking
  • Concentration
  • Inbred strains
  • Pharmacogenetics
  • Selective breeding
  • Thirst motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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