Osteotomies of the proximal femur for hip joint conditions are normally done at the intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric level. Intra-articular osteotomies would be more direct and therefore allow a more powerful correction with no or very little undesired side correction. However, concerns about the risk of vascular damage and osteonecrosis of the femoral head have so far basically excluded this technique from practical use. Based on detailed knowledge of the vascular anatomy of the proximal femur, an approach to safely dislocate the femoral head has been described and successfully performed. Experience as well as further studies of femoral head perfusion allowed a substantial extension of this approach, with subperiosteal exposure of the circumference of the femoral neck with constant intraoperative control of the blood supply to the head. Using the extended retinacular soft-tissue flap, four surgical techniques (relative neck lengthening, subcapital realignment in slipped capital femoral epiphysis, true femoral neck osteotomy, and femoral head reduction osteotomy) evolved or became safer with respect to perfusion of the femoral head. The extended retinacular soft-tissue flap offers the technical and biologic possibility for a new class of intra articular procedures. Although meticulous execution of the surgical steps is important, the procedures have a high level of safety for femoral head perfusion.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Instructional course lectures|
|State||Published - 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas