Factors in adoption of a fire department wellness program: Champ-and-chief model

Hannah Kuehl, Linda Mabry, Diane L. Elliot, Kerry S. Kuehl, Kim C. Favorite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To identify and evaluate determinants of fire departments' wellness program adoption. METHODS: The Promoting Healthy Lifestyles: Alternative Models' Effects fire service wellness program was offered for free to all medium-sized fire departments in Oregon and Washington. An invitation to participate was mailed to key fire department decision makers (chief, union president, and wellness officer). These key decision makers from 12 sites that adopted the program and 24 matched nonadopting sites were interviewed and results were analyzed to define adoption determinants. RESULTS: Three adoption requirements were identified: (1) mailer connection, (2) local firefighter wellness champion, and (3) willing fire chief, whereas a fourth set of organizational factors had little or no impact on adoption including previous and ongoing wellness activities, financial pressures, and resistance to change. CONCLUSIONS: Findings identified determinants of medium-sized fire service wellness program adoption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)424-429
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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