Factors involved in the development of polymerization shrinkage stress in resin-composites: A systematic review

Roberto R. Braga, Rafael Y. Ballester, Jack L. Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

513 Scopus citations


Polymerization shrinkage stress of resin-composite materials may have a negative impact on the clinical performance of bonded restorations. The purpose of this systematic review is to discuss the primary factors involved with polymerization shrinkage stress development. According to the current literature, polymerization stress of resin composites is determined by their volumetric shrinkage, viscoelastic behavior and by restrictions imposed to polymerization shrinkage. Therefore, the material's composition, its degree of conversion and reaction kinetics become aspects of interest, together with the confinement and compliance of the cavity preparation. Information provided in this review was based on original scientific research published in Dental, Chemistry and Biomaterials journals. Textbooks on Chemistry and Dental Materials were also referenced for basic concepts. Shrinkage stress development must be considered a multi-factorial phenomenon. Therefore, accessing the specific contribution of volumetric shrinkage, viscoelastic behavior, reaction kinetics and local conditions on stress magnitude seems impractical. Some of the restorative techniques aiming at stress reduction have limited applicability, because their efficiency varies depending upon the materials employed. Due to an intense research activity over the years, the understanding of this matter has increased remarkably, leading to the development of new restorative techniques and materials that may help minimize this problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)962-970
Number of pages9
JournalDental Materials
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2005


  • Dental material
  • Elastic modulus
  • Kinetics
  • Polymerization
  • Resin composite
  • Shrinkage
  • Viscoelastic behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Dentistry
  • Mechanics of Materials


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