Functional Outcomes after Behavioral Treatment of Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion in Adults

Karen Drake, Andrew D. Palmer, Joshua S. Schindler, Stephen A. Tilles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objective: Paradoxical vocal fold motion (PVFM) is responsive to behavioral therapy, often resulting in a remission of symptoms, but little is known about whether treatment is beneficial with regard to PVFM-associated psychological symptoms or functional limitations. The goal of the study was to identify patient perceptions of the impact of treatment for PVFM and characteristics associated with treatment outcomes. Methods: A survey was conducted of all adults who had received at least 1 session of treatment for PVFM in our outpatient clinic over a 2-year period. Results: The 39 participants ranged in age from 18 to 82 and had received a median of 3 treatment sessions. At a median follow-up of 10 months following treatment, respondents reported improvements in a wide range of areas, including sports and leisure, daily activities, and social participation. The majority reported improvements in feelings of anxiety, helplessness, and control. Poorer outcomes were associated with more severe voice symptoms, fewer treatment sessions, and needing oral steroids for asthma control. Conclusion: There was a reduction in a wide range of activity limitations after treatment. Feelings of control were strongly associated with positive outcomes. The therapy appeared to be equally effective for adults with exercise-induced and environmental variants of PVFM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-168
Number of pages15
JournalFolia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Issue number4
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Dysphonia
  • Paradoxical vocal fold motion
  • Physical activity
  • Psychological function
  • Respiration
  • Self-efficacy
  • Speech pathology
  • Treatment outcomes
  • Vocal cord dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN


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