Growth hormone receptor deficiency (Laron syndrome): Clinical and genetic characteristics

J. Guevara-Aguirre, A. L. Rosenbloom, M. A. Vaccarello, P. J. Fielder, A. De la Vega, F. B. Diamond, R. G. Rosenfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


Approximately 60 cases of GHRD (Laron syndrome) were reported before 1990 and half of these were from Israel. We have described 47 additional patients from an inbred population of South Ecuador and have emphasized certain clinical features including: markedly advanced osseous maturation for height age; normal body proportions in childhood but child-like proportions in adults; much greater deviation of stature than head size, giving an appearance of large cranium and small facies; underweight in childhood despite the appearance of obesity and true obesity in adulthood; blue scleras; and limited elbow extension. The Ecuadorean patients differed markedly and most importantly from the other large concentration, in Israel, by being of normal or superior intelligence, suggesting a unique linkage in the Ecuadorean population. The Ecuadorean population also differed in that those patients coming from Loja province had a markedly skewed sex ratio (19 females: 2 males) , while those from El Oro province had a normal sex distribution (14 females: 12 males). The phenotypic similarity between the El Oro and Loja patients indicates that this abnormal sex distribution is not a direct result of the GHRD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)96-103
Number of pages8
JournalActa Paediatrica Scandinavica, Supplement
Issue number377
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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