Functional angiotensin IV (Ang IV) receptors (denoted AT4) are localized to the outer stripe of the medulla in the rat kidney, and may play a critical role in salt homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine if AT4 receptor binding in the kidney is differently regulated in the salt-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rat compared to Wistar Kyoto (WKY) controls. AT4 receptor binding was determined using in vitro receptor autoradiography. AT4 receptor binding in the outer stripe of the medulla was similar in WKY and SH rats maintained on a 1% salt diet. A high salt diet (8%) resulted in a statistically significant increase (28%) in AT4 receptor binding in kidneys from WKY rats. However, there was no change in AT4 receptor binding in the kidneys of SH rats fed the same diet. The present data indicate that AT4 binding sites are regulated by salt intake. In addition, regulation of this receptor may be impaired in the kidneys of SH rats, explaining in part the salt-sensitivity of this strain.
- Blood pressure
- Spontaneously hypertensive rat
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)