Home-Based Palliative Care and Home Health Care in Saudi Arabia: An Integrative Literature Review

Halah Almulla, Dena Hassouneh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Aging populations and a rising disease burden have increased the need for palliative care (PC). Despite the growing demand for PC, only 14% of patients worldwide receive this service. Home-based PC is necessary because many people prefer to receive care and die at home. Nurses are well equipped to address diverse health care needs in the community and are critical to successful delivery of home-based PC. The purpose of this review is to synthesize and analyze literature relevant to home-based PC in Saudi Arabia with an emphasis on nursing. This purpose required us to examine literature in two areas: PC and home health care (HHC). We identified studies through database searches. We found 24 studies published between 2005 and 2021 that met quality and inclusion criteria. Although PC and HHC are associated with positive outcomes, lack of nurses’ knowledge and awareness of PC and the underdevelopment of HHC in Saudi Arabia have contributed to underuse of these services. Nurses are vital to the functioning of interdisciplinary teams and effective interfacing with patients, caregivers, and families. Education and training of nurses in Saudi Arabia is essential to promoting access to PC and HHC and the development of home-based PC in the kingdom.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalHome Health Care Management and Practice
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Saudi Arabia
  • caregivers
  • end-of-life
  • home care
  • home health care
  • knowledge
  • palliative care
  • students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Community and Home Care
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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