Hypoxia induces a novel signature of chromatin modifications and global repression of transcription

Amber Buescher Johnson, Nicholas Denko, Michelle Craig Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

200 Scopus citations


Tumor cells respond to the harsh hypoxic microenvironment, in part, by transcriptional regulation of specific target genes. We found that hypoxia-mediated activation of selected genes occurs amidst widespread repression of transcription that is neither cell type-specific nor HIF-1-dependent. Despite overall repression, hypoxia induces a pool of histone modifications typically associated with transcriptional activation or repression. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analyses showed that this global mixture of hypoxia-modified histones is sorted in a gene-specific manner to correlate with transcriptional response to hypoxia. Exceptions to this were unexpected increases in H3K4me3 levels, typically associated with transcriptional activation, and decreased H3K27me3 levels, generally a marker of transcriptional silencing, at core promoters of both hypoxia-activated and -repressed genes. These data suggest that a novel signature of chromatin modifications is induced under hypoxic stress, which may play a role in gene regulatory switches active in proliferating tumor cells undergoing cycles of hypoxia and reoxygenation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-179
Number of pages6
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Apr 2 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Chromatin
  • HIF-1
  • Hypoxic stress
  • Repression
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


Dive into the research topics of 'Hypoxia induces a novel signature of chromatin modifications and global repression of transcription'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this