Identify factors for insufficient (> 2 yr) mammogram screening among Oregonian women

Zhenzhen Zhang, Grace Curran, Kenneth Xu, Jeong Youn Lim, Paige E. Farris, Jackilen Shannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Women with breast cancer diagnosed from mammogram screenings have a lower mortality risk than women diagnosed from symptoms. Currently, the U.S Preventive Services Task Force recommends biannual screening for women aged 50–74 years old. In this study, we aimed to identify factors associated with inadequate screening defined as “no mammogram screening within past 2 years” to guide cancer prevention and early detection efforts. Methods: This study utilized area-based probabilistic sampling survey data, collected across Oregon in 2019. Dataset weights were calculated using a raking approach. Demographic and behavior information were collected with existing validated questionnaire items from national surveys. Weighted multivariable logistic regression analyses with missing-value imputations were conducted to identify factors associated with inadequate mammogram screening. Results: The study included 254 women 50–74 years old without previous breast or ovarian cancer history. 19.29% of the sample reported no mammogram within two years, including 1.57% with no previous mammograms. Following unadjusted analyses, the significant factors included education, occupation status, health insurance and smoking and were therefore included into the adjusted model. In the multivariate adjusted model education remained significant while occupation status, health insurance and smoking were no longer significant. Compared to women with a college graduate degree, women with less than college graduate degree were at higher risk of inadequate screening [OR (95% CI) = 3.23 (1.54, 6.74)]. Conclusions: Lack of education was significantly associated with inadequate mammogram screening even after adjusting for occupation status, health insurance and smoking, which should prompt further outreach and education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-301
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Causes and Control
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Mammogram
  • Oregon
  • Prevention
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Identify factors for insufficient (> 2 yr) mammogram screening among Oregonian women'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this