Inflammation biomarkers and near-term death in older men

Nancy Swords Jenny, N. David Yanez, Bruce M. Psaty, Lewis H. Kuller, Calvin H. Hirsch, Russell P. Tracy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


Associations of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen with death may weaken over time. Combining both markers may improve prediction of death in older adults. In 5,828 Cardiovascular Health Study participants (United States, 1989-2000), 383 deaths (183 cardiovascular disease (CVD)) in years 1-3 (early) and 914 deaths (396 CVD) in years 4-8 (late) occurred. For men, when comparing highest to lowest quartiles, hazard ratios for early death were 4.1 (95% confidence interval (CI): 2.7, 6.3) for CRP and 4.1 (95% CI: 2.7, 6.4) for fibrinogen in models adjusted for CVD risk. For early CVD death, hazard ratios were 4.3 (95% CI: 2.2, 8.4) and 3.4 (95% CI: 1.8, 6.3), respectively. When comparing men in the highest quartiles of both biomarkers with those in the lowest, hazard ratios were 9.6 (95% CI: 4.3, 21.1) for early death and 13.5 (95% CI: 3.2, 56.5) for early CVD death. Associations were weaker for late deaths. For women, CRP (hazard ratio = 2.3, 95% CI: 1.4, 3.9), but not fibrinogen (hazard ratio = 1.3, 95% CI: 0.8, 2.2), was associated with early death. Results were similar for CVD death. Neither was associated with late deaths. CRP and fibrinogen were more strongly associated with death in older men than women and more strongly associated with early than late death. Combining both markers may identify older men at greatest risk of near-term death.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)684-695
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Aged
  • C-reactive protein
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Death
  • Fibrinogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology


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