Influence of crown/implant ratio on marginal bone loss: A systematic review

Carlos Garaicoa-Pazmiño, Fernando Suárez López Del Amo, Alberto Monje, Andrés Catena, Inmaculada Ortega-Oller, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Hom Lay Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Background: With the increased use of short dental implants (<10 mm), a high crown/implant (C/I) ratio has become a common finding. However, the effect of the C/I ratio on the marginal bone loss (MBL) has not yet been examined extensively. Hence, the aim of the present systematic review is to explore the influence of the C/I ratio on the success rate and MBL of dental implants. Methods: Three electronic databases (PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central) and a manual search for human trials with a minimal follow-up of 6 months are used for the present study. A statistical analysis of the influence of the C/I ratio was performed on the peri-implant MBL while considering follow-up period, type of implants, implant connection, and technical and biologic complications. Results: One hundred ninety-six potential articles were identified on the selected databases. Only 57 articles were selected for full-text evaluation. According to the inclusion criteria, a total of 13 articles were included in this systematic review. A significant negative association between the C/I ratio and the MBL was found (P = 0.012). However, no statistically significant difference was found (P >0.15) for potential effects regarding the observation period, the type of implant connection, or between both methods of evaluating the C/I ratio. Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present study, the C/I ratio of implant-supported restorations has an effect on peri-implant marginal bone level. Within the range of 0.6/1 to 2.36/1, the higher the C/I ratio, the less the periimplant MBL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1214-1221
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of periodontology
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Dental implant-abutment design
  • Dental implants
  • Dental prosthesis
  • Design implantation
  • Implant-supported

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Periodontics


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