Influence of matrix composition on polymerization stress development of experimental composites

Flávia Gonçalves, Carmem C.S. Pfeifer, Jeffrey W. Stansbury, Sheldon M. Newman, Roberto R. Braga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


Objective. Stress development at the tooth/restoration interface is one of the most important reasons for failure of adhesive restorations. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of BisGMA/TEGDMA (B/T) and UDMA/TEGDMA (U/T) ratios on polymerization stress (PS) and on the variables related to its development: degree of conversion (DC), polymerization maximum rate (Rpmax), volumetric shrinkage (VS), elastic modulus (E), stress relaxation (SR) and viscosity of experimental composites. Method. Composites were formulated containing B/T or U/T in mol% ratios of 2:8, 3:7, 4:6, 5:5, 6:4, 7:3 and 8:2, and 15wt% of fumed silica. PS was determined with a universal testing machine. VSwas measured with a linometer. E and SRwere obtained in three-point bending. DC and Rpmax were determined by real time NIR spectroscopy and viscosity was measured in viscometer. Datawere submitted to one-way ANOVA, Tukey test (α = 0.05%) and regression analyses. Results: PS, VS, E and DC decreased and viscosity and Rpmax increased with base monomer content in both series. PS showed strong correlation with VS, DC and viscosity. PS, VS and DC were higher and viscosity was lower for UDMA-based materials. Significance: Reduced viscosity, kinetics parameters and molecular characteristics led UDMAbased composites to elevated conversion and relatively lower PS at lower TEGDMA contents, compared to B/T composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)697-703
Number of pages7
JournalDental Materials
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Degree of conversion
  • Dental resin composite
  • Photopolymerization
  • Polymerization stress
  • Reaction kinetics
  • Volumetric shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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