Insight into the Spatial Arrangement of the Lysine Tyrosylquinone and Cu2+ in the Active Site of Lysyl Oxidase-like 2

Alex A. Meier, Hee Jung Moon, Sinan Sabuncu, Priya Singh, Trey A. Ronnebaum, Siyu Ou, Justin T. Douglas, Timothy A. Jackson, Pierre Moënne-Loccoz, Minae Mure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Lysyl oxidase-2 (LOXL2) is a Cu2+ and lysine tyrosylquinone (LTQ)-dependent amine oxidase that catalyzes the oxidative deamination of peptidyl lysine and hydroxylysine residues to promote crosslinking of extracellular matrix proteins. LTQ is post-translationally derived from Lys653 and Tyr689, but its biogenesis mechanism remains still elusive. A 2.4 Å Zn2+-bound precursor structure lacking LTQ (PDB:5ZE3) has become available, where Lys653 and Tyr689 are 16.6 Å apart, thus a substantial conformational rearrangement is expected to take place for LTQ biogenesis. However, we have recently shown that the overall structures of the precursor (no LTQ) and the mature (LTQ-containing) LOXL2s are very similar and disulfide bonds are conserved. In this study, we aim to gain insights into the spatial arrangement of LTQ and the active site Cu2+ in the mature LOXL2 using a recombinant LOXL2 that is inhibited by 2-hydrazinopyridine (2HP). Comparative UV-vis and resonance Raman spectroscopic studies of the 2HP-inhibited LOXL2 and the corresponding model compounds and an EPR study of the latter support that 2HP-modified LTQ serves as a tridentate ligand to the active site Cu2. We propose that LTQ resides within 2.9 Å of the active site of Cu2+ in the mature LOXL2, and both LTQ and Cu2+ are solvent-exposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13966
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • UV-vis spectroscopy
  • lysine tyrosylquinone
  • lysyl oxidase-like 2
  • model chemistry
  • resonance Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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