Joint Lot Sizing and Scheduling of Multiple Items with Sequence‐Dependent Setup Costs

David M. Dilts, Kenneth D. Ramsing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


The objective of this research is to investigate the effects of setup‐cost estimating methods on the lot sizing and scheduling of multiple products in multiple periods. These initial setup cost estimators (ISCEs) are used to estimate sequence‐independent initial setup costs from sequence‐dependent setup costs. A search of the literature reveals that, although sequence‐dependent setup costs are frequently found in practice and ISCEs are frequently used, there is a dearth of research concerning the effect of using ISCEs. After a review of the literature, a mixed integer formulation of the joint problem of lot sizing and scheduling is presented, followed by a discussion of the difficulty in solving the formulation. Next, the six ISCEs evaluated are presented. These ISCEs range from simple (select the minimum setup cost) to complex (use the branch‐and‐bound solution to a traveling salesman‐type problem). Each ISCE is evaluated using a full factorial design with five independent variables: demand distribution (three levels), demand trend (three levels), setup to inventory level (six levels), setup distribution (three levels), and setup variability (two levels). Two hypotheses are researched. Do the more computationally complex ISCEs produce lower overall costs than do the simpler ISCEs? Does the reduction in total cost justify the additional computation cost? The results of this study demonstrate that it may be incorrect to use “conventional wisdom'’when selecting an ISCE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-133
Number of pages14
JournalDecision Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1989
Externally publishedYes


  • Production/Operations Management and Scheduling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Strategy and Management
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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