Laparoscopic management of giant type III hiatal hernia and short esophagus: Objective follow-up at three years

Blair A. Jobe, Ralph W. Aye, Clifford W. Deveney, John S. Domreis, Lucius D. Hill, J. H. Peters, F. Serafini, L. L. Swanstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Scopus citations


We wished to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of the laparoscopic Hill repair in the treatment of type III hiatal hernia. Fifty-two patients underwent laparoscopic repair of a type III hiatal hernia. No esophageal lengthening procedures were performed. Short esophagus was determined from the operative record. Late symptomatic follow-up and a satisfaction questionnaire were completed in 71% (37/52) of patients at a mean of 39 months (range 6 to 84 months). Esophagrams were completed in 65% (34/52) of patients at a mean of 37 months (range to 84 months) after repair. Eighty-one percent were without any adverse symptoms, and 86% rated outcome as excellent or good at 39 months. Symptoms requiring treatment were present in 19% (7/37). Esophagrams revealed a recurrent hernia in 32% (11/34) of patients of whom 36% (4/11) were asymptomatic. Six patients with short esophagus underwent esophagram with one recurrence identified (17%). This was compared with 28 patients without short esophagus, of whom 10 had a recurrence (35%) (P = 0.70). The laparoscopic Hill repair provides long-term satisfaction and relief of symptoms. The incidence of anatomic recurrence on video esophagram is high and does not always correlate with symptoms. The presence of short esophagus does not play a role in recurrence when the Hill repair is used.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Hiatal hernia
  • Hill repair
  • Laparoscopy
  • Paraesophageal hernia
  • Short esophagus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Gastroenterology


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