Laryngotracheal manifestations of rhinoscleroma

C. Philip Amoils, Maisie L. Shindo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations


Rhinoscleroma is a rare, chronic granulomatous disease of infective causation. It usually begins in the nose and may progress to involve the larynx and trachea and cause dysphonia, stridor, and airway obstruction. Early rhinoscleroma is usually successfully treated with oral tetracycline, yet laryngotracheal disease may require operative intervention. The disease is rare in the United States, but with an increase in immigration from endemic areas, otolaryngologists should be familiar with the management of this rare disease. Current literature contains only a few reports describing the manifestations of this disease, mostly in the form of case studies. This study is a retrospective review of our institutional experience with the management of 22 patients with rhinoscleroma, 13 of whom had laryngotracheal involvement. The focus of this report is on the clinical manifestations of laryngotracheal scleroma. All of the patients were treated with long-term antibiotics. Nine patients underwent endoscopy with or without dilation and laser excision. Three patients required emergency tracheostomy, all of whom were ultimately decannulated without any sequelae. A rational approach to management of this unusual disease is provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis
  • granuloma
  • laryngotracheal scleroma
  • nose
  • rhinoscleroma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology


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