Maturity at collection and the developmental potential of rhesus monkey oocytes

S. E. Lanzendorf, M. B. Zelinski-Wooten, R. L. Stouffer, D. P. Wolf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

93 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro fertilizability of rhesus monkey oocytes and the developmental capacity of the resulting embryos as they relate to oocyte maturation at the time of follicular aspiration. Animals were hyperstimulated with human follicle-stimulating hormone (hFSH) and human luteinizing hormone (hLH), with follicular aspiration performed 27 h after administration of an ovulatory stimulus (1000 IU human chorionic gonadotropin [hCG] or 3 x 100 μg gonadotropin-releasing hormone [GnRH]. In 7 animals exhibiting a continuously rising pattern of serum estradiol through Day 10 of hyperstimulation, 45 germinal vesicle-intact (GV), 106 metaphase I (MI), and 24 metaphase II (MII) oocytes were collected and cultured in vitro. Upon reaching MII, oocytes were inseminated with 5 x 104 motile sperm/ml. Twenty-four percent of GV oocytes cultured in vitro matured to MII with 11 inseminated and none fertilized. Seventy-three percent of MI oocytes matured to MII in vitro with 50% inseminated and 32% fertilized. Oocytes collected at MII stage and inseminated underwent fertilization at a high rate of efficiency (93%). Pronuclear to 8-cell stage embryos were frozen and, upon thawing, 67% (10/15) survived with all blastomeres intact. Frozen-thawed embryos (2- to 6-cell) were transferred to the oviducts of 4 recipients (2 embryos/recipient) during the early luteal phase (1-3 days post LH surge) of natural menstrual cycles. Three twin pregnancies resulted. Thus, a positive correlation exists between the degree of nuclear maturation of rhesus monkey oocytes at ollection and their potential for fertilization in vitro. In addition, those oocytes that fertilize are capable of early development in vitro, before and after cryopreservation, with continued embryogenesis, efficient implantation, and successful gestation in surrogate mothers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-711
Number of pages9
JournalBiology of reproduction
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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