Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma

Shivaani Kummar, N. Q. Shafi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, with the highest incidence in regions with high prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis infection, especially hepatitis B infection. HCC commonly metastasises to lungs, lymph nodes, adrenal gland and bones, including the skull. The overall prognosis of patients with metastatic HCC is poor. Randomised clinical trials are needed, which evaluate new treatment strategies and stratify patients on the basis of recent staging criteria and known prognostic indicators. This review presents a case report that illustrates the distinctive pathological features of metastatic HCC, along with a brief review of pathological features, staging, treatment and prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-294
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Oncology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cirrhosis
  • Haemorrhagic brain metastasis
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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