Minimizing Infant Exposure to and Risks from Medications while Breastfeeding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The advantages of breastfeeding to the mother and newborn are many. Lactating mothers frequently ask about the safety of taking medications and the risk to their newborn. It is well established that all drugs are excreted into breast milk. However, most medications appear in only small amounts within the breast milk. With the availability of numerous resources on drug use while breastfeeding, a medication can be identified as contraindicated or compatible with breastfeeding. By understanding the anatomy of the breast, principles of lactation, and drug passage into breast milk, an approach to minimize the transfer of the medications in the breast milk to the newborn can be developed. The plan should usually support and encourage the mother to continue to breastfeed her infant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-84
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Sep 1997


  • Breast milk
  • Breastfeeding
  • Drugs
  • Lactation
  • Medications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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