Neuroleptic-induced acute extrapyramidal syndromes and tardive dyskinesia

D. E. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Neuroleptic drug-induced acute extrapyramidal symptoms and later-onset tardive dyskinesia are major limitations to these valuable drugs. Each of these disorders can be described by special risk factors that include patient characteristics, drug factors, and temporal considerations. The limitations that derive from these motor side effects have been one of the major reasons propelling the search for neuroleptic drugs that are free of these side effects. Strategies for managing the acute and late-onset extrapyramidal syndromes are presented. Significantly more research is needed, however, on all these disorders before a unified and cohesive explanation can account for these seemingly disparate syndromes. New medications, which effectively treat schizophrenia and are free of acute extrapyramidal syndromes and tardive dyskinesia, will be a giant step forward in patient care and our knowledge of the mechanisms controlling both mental function and motor control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-610
Number of pages22
JournalPsychiatric Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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