Neuropsychiatric Conditions Associated With Anesthesia Exposure

Anne F. Gross, Theodore A. Stern

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Although anesthetics have been used for more than a century, their mechanisms of action remain poorly understood. Given that a number of intraoperative and postoperative neuropsychiatric syndromes have been linked to the use of anesthetics, practitioners should familiarize themselves with these conditions. Methods: Basic concepts about anesthesia are reviewed and neuropsychiatric syndromes associated with anesthesia exposure described. Conclusions: Emergence delirium, postoperative delirium, postoperative cognitive dysfunction, and intraoperative awareness can develop in association with use of inhalation anesthetics and intravenously administered anesthetics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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