Nitric oxide distribution and production in the guinea pig cochlea

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42 Scopus citations


Production sites and distribution of nitric oxide (NO) were detected in cochlear lateral wall tissue, the organ of Corti and in isolated outer hair cells (OHCs) from the guinea pig using the fluorescent dye, 4,5-diaminofluorescein diacetate. Fluorescent signal, indicating the presence of NO, was found in the afferent nerves and their putative endings near inner hair cells (IHCs) and putative efferent nerve endings near OHCs, the IHCs and OHCs, the endothelial cells of blood vessels of the spiral ligament, the stria vascularis, and the spiral blood vessels of the basilar membrane. An increased NO signal was observed following exposure to the substrate for NO, L-arginine, while exposure to NO synthase inhibitors resulted in a decrease in NO signal. Observation of OHCs at the subcellular level revealed differentially strong fluorescent signals at the locations of cuticular plate, the subcuticular plate region, the infranuclear region, and the region adjacent to the lateral wall. The findings indicate the presence of NO in the cochlea and suggest that NO may play an important role in both regulating vascular tone and mediating neurotransmission in guinea pig cochlea.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-31
Number of pages9
JournalHearing Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 2001


  • 4,5-Diaminofluorescein diacetate
  • Endothelial cell
  • L-Arginine
  • N-Monomethyl-L-arginine monoacetate
  • N-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester HCl
  • Nitric oxide
  • Outer hair cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems


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