Occult androgenetic-biparental mosaicism and sporadic hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma

Jingxian Lin, Bonnie L. Cole, Xuan Qin, Min Zhang, Raj P. Kapur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The incidence of hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma (HMH) is increased in patients with placental mesenchymal dysplasia (PMD), which appears to be caused by androgenetic-biparental mosaicism (ABM). We hypothesized that occult ABM might underlie cases of HMH with no known history of PMD. Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded HMH specimens from 10 such patients and liver specimens from 6 non-HMH controls were identified retrospectively from the surgical pathology records of a pediatric hospital. The relative abundance of maternal and paternal alleles was assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction amplification of polymorphic short tandem repeats and single nucleotide polymorphisms located on 15 different chromosomes. Androgenetic-biparental mosaicism was diagnosed in one patient based on global allelic imbalances at all informative loci. In that patient, the greatest imbalances were observed in stroma-rich portions of the hamartoma, with no significant imbalance in histologically normal liver or epithelium-rich portions of the hamartoma. A retrospective, unbiased review of the histology and clinical records from all 10 patients revealed no morphologic or clinical correlates to distinguish the affected patient, except that she had multiple cutaneous hemangiomas, which like HMH, appear to be more common in patients with PMD. Our findings suggest that other patients with apparently sporadic HMH, hemangioma, or other lesions seen more frequently with PMD may harbor occult ABM. Recognition of ABM may be important because its long-term consequences are unknown but may be significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)360-369
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric and Developmental Pathology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Androgenetic-biparental mosaicism
  • Hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma
  • Imprinting disorder
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Placental mesenchymal dysplasia
  • Uniparental disomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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