Ocular adverse drug reactions

F. W. Fraunfelder

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Drug-induced ocular side effects are described according to recent reports from the literature, the National Registry of Drug-Induced Ocular Side Effects, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the FDA. Adverse events are categorised as certain, probable/likely, possible, unlikely, conditional/unclassified and unassessable/unclassifiable where indicated. Ocular side effects of clinical importance are highlighted with guidelines for recognition, reporting and treatment of adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The current and future status of pharmacovigilance in ocular toxicology is addressed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-420
Number of pages10
JournalExpert Opinion on Drug Safety
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • adverse drug reactions (ADRs)
  • ocular side effects
  • ocular toxicology
  • pharmacovigilance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Ocular adverse drug reactions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this