Ocular Effects Following the Volcanic Eruptions of Mount St Helens

Frederick T. Fraunfelder, David S. Johnson, Robert E. Kalina, A. Sonia Buist, Robert S. Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Three hundred thirty-two ophthalmologists examined 1,523 patients with immediate ocular complaints following the 1980 eruptions of Mount St Helens. Loggers working up to 18 months in environments with high concentrations of volcanic ash were compared with a control group of loggers without volcanic ash contact. Although the ash particles acted as ocular foreign bodies, the small particles were apparently well tolerated for the most part, except for acute irritation. Patients with contact lenses or sicca syndrome had the most frequent ocular complaints. To date, no long-term ocular effects have been noted secondary to volcanic ash exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)376-378
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of ophthalmology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1983
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Ocular Effects Following the Volcanic Eruptions of Mount St Helens'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this