Orthopaedic Resident Arthroscopic Knot-Tying Skills Are Improved Using a Training Program and Knot-Tying Workstation

Peters T. Otlans, Taylor Buuck, Adam Rosencrans, Jacqueline M. Brady

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To quantify an orthopaedic trainee's ability to tie arthroscopic knots before and after a short cadaveric-based arthroscopy training period using a commercially available knot-tying workstation. Methods: During a weeklong cadaveric arthroscopic training camp, 15 third- and fourth-year orthopaedic residents were evaluated using a commercially available benchtop knot-tying workstation. At the beginning of the week (baseline), each participant was asked to tie 3 knots of his or her choice backed up by 3 half-hitches using nonabsorbable suture. Successful knots fit the sizer and elongated less than 3 mm after application of a 15-lb load. Afterward, residents watched a video demonstrating a sample knot and were encouraged to practice over the ensuing days. At the end of the week (post-training), residents were asked to tie 3 knots. The time to completion and success of each knot were recorded. To compare baseline and post-training knot success, t tests and χ2 analysis were performed. Results: During baseline testing, residents successfully tied 26.7% of their knots (12 of 45 knots) in 352 ± 116 seconds (mean ± standard deviation). During post-training testing, residents successfully tied 66.7% of knots (30 of 45 knots, P =.00014) in 294 ± 63 seconds (P =.023), showing significant improvement in the time and ability to tie arthroscopic knots. Conclusions: With a short cadaveric-based training period, orthopaedic trainees showed a significant improvement in their ability to tie arthroscopic knots on a commercially available benchtop knot-tying workstation. Given the initial low percentage of successfully tied knots and the limited opportunities for trainees to improve, trainees should be encouraged to practice and improve their skills. Clinical Relevance: With training, residents can improve arthroscopic knot-tying abilities, which may allow them to successfully perform this critical task in the operating room.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e867-e871
JournalArthroscopy, Sports Medicine, and Rehabilitation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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